Challenge

Child labour by age

Source:INS and ILO (2017): “Enquête Nationale sur le travail des enfants en Tunisie de 2017.”

179,000 children aged 5 to 17 in Tunisia are in child labour, comprising 7.9% of children of this age group.

The incidence of child labour is higher among boys (9,7%) than girls (6%). However, girls are more likely to be engaged in household chores than boys (53% versus 40%).

Most economically active children are unpaid family workers and are involved in agriculture, livestock, forestry and fishing, except in the Greater Tunis area, where approximately half of the working children work in commerce.

Out of all children in child labour, 75.9% are engaged in hazardous work.

Child labour by gender

Child labour by gender
Source:INS and ILO (2017): “Enquête Nationale sur le travail des enfants en Tunisie de 2017.”

Milestones

2000

Tunisia signs, and later ratifies, the Palermo Protocol on Trafficking in Persons. The country commits to taking measures against transnational organized crime. 

2016

Tunisia adopts the National Action Plan to Combat Child Labour in Tunisia. The country adopts Law 2016-61 on the Prevention and Fight against Trafficking in Persons, which leads to the creation of the National Authority against Trafficking in Persons. The Ministry of Justice and IOM launch the first National Campaign against Trafficking in Persons in Tunisia, #Pas à vendre (#Not for sale).

2018

Tunisia launches the National Strategy to Combat Trafficking in Persons and the National Action Plan against Trafficking in Persons.

Priorities

  • Develop an information system for data collection and sharing among relevant public institutions. The available information and existing monitoring systems at the level of each ministerial department involved in the fight against child labour should be mapped. A regulatory framework for the collection and sharing of data should be put in place. A joint strategic plan between the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Vocational Training should be developed, and the data collection of information in private schools should be institutionalized.
  • Develop a Child Labour Monitoring system at the national and regional levels for a better synergy among actors. Pilot evaluations and comparative experiments should be conducted, focal points at the level of the regional commissions should be designated, and structures adapted to the needs of children removed from child labour should be developed. Relevant procedure manuals should be prepared, in addition to regulatory texts and coordination protocols. A green line dedicated to the reporting of child labour cases should be established.
  • Improve the procedures and tools for labour inspectors to identify children, especially those in the informal economy. Proposals for regulatory texts to frame the intervention of labour inspectors in the informal sector should be elaborated, and a pilot experiment on child labour inspection of should be carried out in the informal sector in Greater Tunis.
  • Capitalize on and reinforce the capacity of student support service to sensitize children to child labour issues. Members of existing student support services should be trained on child labour issues to be able to sensitize students against it. The issue should be incorporated into school curricula and pre-service teacher training.
  • Harmonize internal laws related to human trafficking and child labour with mechanisms for law enforcement. Capitalizing on the work already done by the National Agency for Combating Trafficking in Persons, the exchange of information between relevant stakeholders should be ensured, and necessary legislative reforms concerning employment promotion should be introduced.
  • Clarify and expand the role of labour inspectors, and carry out regular control visits of places of exploitation. A circular on the role of labour inspectors should be adopted to dispel any legal uncertainties. A detailed guide should be developed to facilitate the work of labour inspectors. Coordination between the Public Prosecutor, child protection delegates, and labour inspectors should be enhanced.
  • Guarantee the protection and access to justice of irregular migrants who are at risk or currently involved in forced labour or human trafficking. The legislative framework should be modified to eliminate any discrimination against migrants. Awareness-raising campaigns are needed to promote migrants’ resort to migration centers.
  • Conduct a study of child exploitation. Further in-depth research on child exploitation is needed to guide action on this issue.
  • Build the capacity of the relevant actors. In order to help them realize their respective missions, the technical capacity of relevant actors should be enhanced through training, regional consultations, and awareness-raising campaigns.

 

 

Next steps

  • Inaugurate an Action Committee to coordinate actions and actors of  Alliance 8.7 in Tunisia to find points of synergy with national action  plans and define actions required to mobilize resources to finance the  activities.
  • Organize a workshop with development partners to promote their  engagement with and support for the priorities identified by Tunisia.

Updates

  • 17 Jul 2019
    family work

    Accelerating action to end forced labour, human trafficking, modern slavery and child labour; experiences from Alliance 8.7 pathfinder countries Th..

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  • 17 Jul 2019
    family work

    In the margins of the High Level Political Forum, the Alliance 8.7 Global Coordinating Group held their 5th meeting at the Westin Hotel in New York. ..

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  • 14 May 2019
    family work

    The Second Global Meeting of the Action Group on Supply Chains was held in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire on 14-15 May, 2019 gathering over 140 participants...

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  • 28 Mar 2019
    family work

    Tunisia held their first Pathfinder Country Strategic Workshop on 28 March, 2019. The purpose of the workshop was to convene Alliance 8.7 organization..

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“The protection of children against economic exploitation is paramount, as is the protection of children in danger and under threat. To this end, a protection and assistance network has already been set up in Tunisia, with the support of the UN system and the strengthening of relevant actors. The work of the Strategic Workshop contributes to reinforcing this commitment and the partnership between actors for the protection of children and the fight against all forms of exploitation of children, including forced labour.”

M. Anis Dalhoumi, Head of Office, representing Ms. Naziha Labidi, Minister of Women, Family, Children and Senior Citizen
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