Challenge

Child labour by age

Source:INSTAT-PNUD-BIT/DSM/ENEMPSI 2012

1.9 million Malagasy children between the ages of 5 and 17 were child labourers in 2012. That’s 26.2% of all Malagasy children. Of those in employment, 81.4% performed hazardous activities.

Child labour is higher in rural areas (28.6%) than in urban areas, especially in the regions of Amoron’l Mania (42.1%) and Vatovavy-Fitovinany (40.6%).

The worst forms of child labour include commercial exploitation and trafficking. In 2007, 4.5% of Malagasy children were trafficked, often for domestic work. Trafficking, both transnational and internal, is not uncommon in Madagascar. Though data is scant,evidence indicates that victims are trafficked for sexual exploitation, forces labour, domestic work, and forced begging.

Children status in employment

Children status in employment
Source:INSTAT-PNUD-BIT/DSM/ENEMPSI 2012

Milestones

2004

Madagascar launched the National Action Plan to Eliminate Child Labour.

2008

Madagascar signs a Partnership Protocol Agreement with the European Union, International Labour Organization, Ministry of Education, and Ministry of Labour. The agreement aims to remove children from situations of child labour and human trafficking and prevent further entry by expanding education and training opportunities.

2015

Madagascar adopted the law No. 2014-040 on human trafficking. M . elaborated the National Plan to eliminate human trafficking. M. created the national office to fight human trafficking (BNLTEH).

2017

The newly created National Gendarmerie Child Protective Service investigates cases related to child labour and human trafficking, especially commercial sexual exploitation. It refers all case for prosecution

2019

Madagascar is currently planning to update its National Plan on child labour and human trafficking.The National Committee to Fight Against Child Labour implements awareness-raising campaigns.

Priorities

  • Establish a national database on child labour and map stakeholders. Child labour is a complex issue and progress requires a coordinated response with a strong knowledge base.
  • Engage all stakeholders. Stakeholders must work with the government and create an integrated response to child labour issues.
  • Enhance labour inspectors’ authority and  establish a Social Workers Unit. Labour inspectors and social workers can contribute significantly in the fight against child labour.
  • Revise the national action plan. Madagascar’s original plan to eliminate child labour has not been updated since 2004.
  • Establish a national database on human trafficking. Reliable information allows stakeholders to understand the extent of the problem.
  • Protect migrant workers’ rights through bilateral labour agreements. Madagascar could work with transit and destination countries to ensure safe and legal migration.
  • Raise awareness through activities and campaigns. Detecting and protecting victims remains difficult at various levels.
  • Strengthen mechanisms for law enforcement. A more stable judiciary system would allow Madagascar to better enforce legislation.
  • Make resources available to the National Office to Combat Trafficking. More resources would mean more funding for projects that address child labour and human trafficking issues.

Next steps

  • Strengthen the capacity of and resources available to labour inspectors.
  • Conduct a child labour survey and related database.
  • Establish a national database linked to the UNODC/SADC Regional Hub.
  • Develop bilateral labour agreements.
  • Revise the labour migration framework.

Updates

  • 17 Jul 2019
    family work

    Accelerating action to end forced labour, human trafficking, modern slavery and child labour; experiences from Alliance 8.7 pathfinder countries Th..

    Read more
  • 17 Jul 2019
    family work

    In the margins of the High Level Political Forum, the Alliance 8.7 Global Coordinating Group held their 5th meeting at the Westin Hotel in New York. ..

    Read more
  • 14 May 2019
    family work

    The Second Global Meeting of the Action Group on Supply Chains was held in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire on 14-15 May, 2019 gathering over 140 participants...

    Read more
  • 25 Oct 2018
    family work

    Madagascar held a strategic planning workshop on 25 October to determine how the country will do its part to #Achieve87. A national committee was est..

    Read more

“Madagascar has reaffirmed its political will and commitment to transform the unhappy faces of women, men, girls, and boys who are victims of modern abuse and slavery into more radiant faces, free of pain. Being a pioneer country of Alliance 8.7, Madagascar wants to become a pioneering country of concrete results in a few years.”

Christian Ntsay,Prime Minister
Home Madagascar