Challenge

Child labour by sector (ages 5 to 17)

Source:Encuesta de Actividades de Niños, Niñas y Adolescentes, 2012

6.6% of children aged 5 to 17 are in child labour. Most often, child labour is found in commerce (45.2%) and agriculture (21.6%). However, child labour in agriculture rises to 69.3% in rural areas.

70.6% of children in child labour aged 5 to 17 are engaged in hazardous child labour. Children are also involved in other worst forms of child labour, including commercial sexual exploitation, sometimes as a result of human trafficking. Indigenous children and adolescents from Ecuador are especially vulnerable to human trafficking for labour exploitation in Chile. Commonly, children are forced to steal, produce, sell, and transport drugs near the border with Peru and Bolivia.

Boys are more than twice as likely to be involved in child labour than girls (9.5% versus 3.9%).

Child labour by gender

Child labour by gender
Source:Encuesta de Actividades de Niños, Niñas y Adolescentes, 2012

Milestones

2008

Chile creates a National Intersectorial Table on Trafficking in Persons.

2014

Chile sets up a National Advisory Committee for the Elimination of Child Labour and the Protection of Adolescent Workers.

2015

Update of a National Action Plan against Trafficking in Persons (2015-2018)

2015

The Chilean government establishes the National Strategy to Eradicate Child Labour and Protection of Adolescent Workers and updates the National Action Plan against Trafficking in Persons.

2017

Chile updates its list of hazardous occupations prohibited for children, trains labour inspectors on the updated list, and develops a labour inspection manual that includes specific instructions on how to conduct child labour inspections. In addition, Chile develops a National Action Plan on Business and Human Rights to address human rights issues in supply chains.

Priorities

  • Promote research and knowledge-sharing around SDG Target 8.7. Qualitative and quantitative studies ensure that data is generated and updated, while strengthening comprehensive lines of action around SDG Target 8.7. With support from UNICEF and the ILO, the country is taking steps toward implementing a new National Survey on Activities of Children and Adolescents in 2020.
  • Sensitize, raise awareness, and inform the general public about the challenges of the SDG Target 8.7. Training plans should be developed, which facilitate awareness- raising and information-sharing on SDG Target 8.7. Social dialogue that incorporates the challenges of SDG Target 8.7 in tripartite fora should be undertaken.
  • Create and modify procedural instruments to improve the prevention, detection, and management of cases of the violation of rights associated with SDG Target 8.7. An early warning system to prevent cases of risk of violation of rights associated with SDG Target 8.7 should be developed. In addition, the instruments for detection and referral of cases need to be strengthened and updated.
  • Evaluate and promote legal and regulatory modifications that strengthen the prevention and protection of rights associated with SDG Target 8.7. Procedures should be established for the referral of cases in the “Protocol for dealing with victims of human trafficking” and other protection protocols. Moreover, relevant national legislation should be reviewed, and required changes should be made, with respect to SDG Target 8.7.

Next steps

  • Strengthen intersectoral and international cooperation. This should include international cooperation with other countries, as well as public and private institutions of the region. For example, it is important to establish a common conceptual framework to create a registry of rights violations for at-risk populations.
  • Improve the formulation, implementation, and assessment of public policies. This includes the coordination of public policies associated with SDG Target 8.7, as well as the promotion of decent work for at-risk populations. Among other actions, existing protocols, procedures and referral networks must be identified, and the timeliness and effectiveness of their responses reviewed, to identify and bridge coordination gaps.

Updates

  • 17 Jul 2019
    family work

    Accelerating action to end forced labour, human trafficking, modern slavery and child labour; experiences from Alliance 8.7 pathfinder countries Th..

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  • 17 Jul 2019
    family work

    In the margins of the High Level Political Forum, the Alliance 8.7 Global Coordinating Group held their 5th meeting at the Westin Hotel in New York. ..

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  • 14 May 2019
    family work

    The Second Global Meeting of the Action Group on Supply Chains was held in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire on 14-15 May, 2019 gathering over 140 participants...

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  • 28 Mar 2019
    family work

    The Chilean Ministry of Labour held an Alliance 8.7 Pathfinder Country Strategic Workshop on 28-29 March, 2019 to formalize the 2019-2021 work plan. T..

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“As a country, we have committed to being a country free of child labour, free of human trafficking by 2025. However, in order to reach this goal, which is a very ambitious goal, it is not enough to maintain the status quo – we must do much more. ‘Children first’ is more than a phrase – it has content, it has a soul, and as long as we all make it our own, we will have a much more just, more supportive country.”

Mr. Fernando Arab, Under-Secretary of Labour
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